The Maltese are a small, toy-sized dog breed that is known for its distinctive silky white coat and affectionate personality. Here are some of the key characteristics that define the Maltese breed:
- Size: Maltese are a small breed, weighing between 4 to 7 pounds and standing 7 to 9 inches tall at the shoulder.
- Coat: They have a long, silky coat that is soft to the touch and requires regular grooming to maintain its appearance. The coat is traditionally white, and it is one of the defining characteristics of the breed.
- Head: Maltese have a short muzzle and dark, expressive eyes that give them a cute and alert appearance.
- Personality: Maltese are known for their playful and affectionate nature. They are loyal and loving to their owners and make great companions for both adults and children. They are also very adaptable, and can easily adjust to apartment living or small homes.
- Training: Maltese are generally easy to train and are quick learners. They are also a very social breed and enjoy the company of other dogs and people. However, they do have a tendency to be yappy and may bark at unfamiliar people or animals, so early training and socialization are important to prevent this behaviour.
- Grooming: Maltese have a long, silky coat that requires regular grooming to maintain their appearance. They should be brushed daily and bathed every 2-3 weeks. They also need to have their hair trimmed around the ears, paws, and tail.
- Health: Maltese are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. Some common health concerns include dental problems, hypoglycemia, and liver shunts. It is important to work with a reputable breeder to ensure that your Maltese has been screened for these issues and to provide regular veterinary check-ups.
Overall, the Maltese are charming, loving, and playful little dog that is perfect for people of all ages. With proper care, training, and socialization, these lovely dogs make great additions to any family.